English-German Dictionary

 


Like the guilds, the Kontore were led by Ältermänner "eldermen", or English aldermen. Before the official foundation of the league in , the word Hanse did not occur in the Baltic language. Between and , it waged war against Denmark.

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On a more local level, league members also met, and while such regional meetings were never formalized into a Hanseatic institution, they gradually gained importance in the process of preparing and implementing Tagfahrt decisions. From , the division into Drittel was modified to reduce the circles' heterogeneity, to enhance the collaboration of the members on a local level and thus to make the league's decision-making process more efficient.

This division was however not adopted by the Kontore , who, for their purposes like Ältermänner elections , grouped the league members in different ways e. The Kontore were foreign trading posts of the League, not cities that were Hanseatic members, and are set apart in a separate table below.

This league is open to all former Hanseatic League members and cities that once hosted a Hanseatic kontor. The latter include twelve Russian cities, most notably Novgorod , which was a major Russian trade partner of the Hansa in the Middle Ages. The "new Hanse" fosters and develops business links, tourism and cultural exchange.

The headquarters of the New Hansa is in Lübeck , Germany. Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the trade group from the 14th to 17th centuries. For the modern business association, see Hanseatic Parliament. Handbuch zur niederdeutschen Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft. Retrieved 9 June A comparative study of thirty city-state cultures: Copenhagen Polis Centre Historisk-filosofiske Skrifter Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 10 December Privileges Granted to German Merchants at Novgorod, ".

Retrieved 20 July European Journal of Social Sciences. Archived from the original PDF on 19 February Retrieved 26 July The Perspective of the World. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th—18th century. Volume 10 International Publishers: New York, p.

The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged. Atlas of Medieval Europe. Retrieved 30 April Seafarers, Merchants and Pirates in the Middle ages. Kraków jego dzieje i sztuka: Praca zbiorowa [ Krakow's history and art: A history of Poland, Volume 1: The Origins to Retrieved 5 May Europe à la Carte. Die Hanse in German. Encyclopedia of World Trade: From Ancient Times to the Present.

To facilitate trade in foreign countries, the Hansa established counters Kontore [ Encyclopedia of Baltic History group research project. Städtebünde im deutschen Spätmittelalter.

Die Geschichte der Hanse in German. Atlas of Maritime History. Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht. A History of Modern Germany: Retrieved 15 May In Schlögel, Karl; Halicka, Beata. Blicke auf einen europäischen Strom in German.

Problems and Suggestions" PDF. Journal of the North Atlantic Special Volume 1: Archaeologies of the Early Modern North Atlantic: Archived from the original PDF on 24 July Retrieved 28 December Trade and urban development in Poland. An economic geography of Cracow, from its origins to , Volume Cambridge studies in historical geography. From Prehistory to the end of the Habsburg era ].

Crusader castles of the Teutonic Knights: The stone castles of Latvia and Estonia — The Hanseatic Expansion in the North Atlantic". Archived from the original on 27 July Archived from the original on 12 August Retrieved 1 May Retrieved 2 May National Bank of Latvia. Archived from the original on 26 September Lettland [ Lithuania ]. Archived from the original on 24 July Transactions of the Royal Historical Society.

The following cities were also connected with the League, but did not have representation in the Diet, nor responsibility: Archived from the original PDF on 13 January Archived from the original on 17 August Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 23 August Find more about Hanseatic League at Wikipedia's sister projects.

Members of the Hanseatic League by quarter. Chief cities shown in smallcaps. Cologne 1 Dortmund 1. Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. This page was last edited on 22 September , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Middle Low German [1].

Holstein , Saxony , Mecklenburg , Pomerania , Brandenburg. Westphalia , Rhineland , Prussia. Dortmund , later Cologne. Gotland , Livonia , Sweden. Wendish and Pomeranian [32]. Saxon, Thuringian and Brandenburg [32]. Brunswick , [32] Magdeburg [ citation needed ]. Rhine, Westphalia and The Netherlands [32]. Free City of Lübeck. Free City of Hamburg.

Joined the year Rostock Peace Treaty Rostocker Landfrieden in , which was the predecessor of the federation of Wendish towns onwards. Joined the year Rostock Peace Treaty in , which was the predecessor of the federation of Wendish towns onwards. Rügen was a fief of the Danish crown to Stralsund joined the year Rostock Peace Treaty in , which was the predecessor of the federation of Wendish towns onwards.

From to the 17th century, Stralsund was a member of the Vierstädtebund with Greifswald, Demmin and Anklam. From to the 17th century, Demmin was a member of the Vierstädtebund with Stralsund, Greifswald and Anklam.

From to the 17th century, Greifswald was a member of the Vierstädtebund with Stralsund, Demmin and Anklam. From to the 17th century, Anklam was a member of the Vierstädtebund with Stralsund, Greifswald and Demmin.

Joined the year Rostock Peace Treaty in , which was the predecessor of the federation of Wendish towns onwards ; since the 14th century gradually adopted the role of a chief city for the Pomeranian Hanseatic towns to its east. Free City of Bremen.

Imperial City of Goslar. Goslar was a fief of Saxony until Brandenburg was raised to an Electorate in Frankfurt an der Oder. Danzig had been first a part of the Duchy of Pomerelia, a fief of the Polish Crown, with Polish-Kashubian population , then part of the State of the Teutonic Order from until Elbing had originally been part of the territory of the Old Prussians , until the s when it became part of the State of the Teutonic Order.

It was very loosely associated with Hansa, and paid no membership fees, nor sent representatives to League meetings. Breslau, a part of the Duchy of Breslau and the Kingdom of Bohemia , was only loosely connected to the League and paid no membership fees nor did its representatives take part in Hansa meetings. Königsberg was the capital of the Teutonic Order , becoming the capital of Ducal Prussia on the Order's secularisation in Ducal Prussia was a German principality that was a fief of the Polish crown until gaining its independence in the Treaty of Oliva.

On joining the Hanseatic League, Reval was a Danish fief, but was sold, with the rest of northern Estonia, to the Teutonic Order in The Bishopric of Dorpat gained increasing autonomy within the Terra Mariana.

Imperial City of Cologne. Capital of the Rhine-Westphalian and Netherlands Circle until after the Anglo-Hanseatic War —74 , when the city was prosecuted in with temporary trade sanctions German: Verhanst for some years for having supported England ; Dortmund was made capital of the Circle. Cologne also was called "Electorate of Cologne" German: Kurfürstentum Köln or Kurköln. In June the last Hanseday was held in the town of Lübeck by the last remaining Hanse members, amongst others Cologne.

Imperial City of Dortmund. Imperial City of Soest. The city was a part of the Electorate of Cologne until acquiring its freedom in —49, after which it aligned with the Duchy of Cleves. Novgorod was one of the principal Kontore of the League and the easternmost.

Kingdom of Norway — Bryggen was one of the principal Kontore of the League. It was razed by accidental fire in In , administration of Bryggen was placed under Norwegian administration. Bruges was one of the principal Kontore of the League until the 15th century, when the seaway to the city silted up; trade from Antwerp benefiting from Bruges's loss.

The Steelyard was one of the principal Kontore of the League. King Edward I granted a Carta Mercatoria in The Treaty of Utrecht , sealing the peace, led to the League purchasing the Steelyard outright in , with Edward having renewed the League's privileges without insisting on reciprocal rights for English merchants in the Baltic.

London merchants persuaded Elizabeth I to rescind the League's privileges on 13 January ; while the Steelyard was re-established by James I , the advantage never returned. Consulates continued however, providing communication during the Napoleonic Wars , and the Hanseatic interest was only sold in Antwerp became a major Kontor of the League, particularly after the seaway to Bruges silted up in the 15th century, leading to its fortunes waning in Antwerp's favour, despite Antwerp's refusal to grant special privileges to the League's merchants.

Between and , Antwerp was a margraviate , independent of Brabant. Bishop's Lynn King's Lynn. The Hanseatic Warehouse was constructed in as part of the Treaty of Utrecht , allowing the League to establish a trading depot in Lynn for the first time. It is the only surviving League building in England. Levers are zinc-based plated to match finishes indicated. FA Series handlesets are 5-pin tumbler with two keys per lock. F-Series handlesets are 6-pin tumbler with two keys per lock.

Handlesets are solid forged brass; wrought brass trim rings with concealed security inserts. Trim Rings and Security Inserts: The cylinder trim rings are reinforced by a tapered die-cast security insert installed under the trim ring for resistance to wrenching or prying the cylinder unit.

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